Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Ohio State University Agricultural Technical Institute (OSU/ATI) recently approved a new Greenhouse Engineering Technology specialization in their Greenhouse and Nursery Management major. As more advanced technologies have been incorporated into controlled environment plant production (commonly referred as greenhouse production), a critical need for qualified industry personnel has arisen. This new specialization, which merges traditional horticulture technology, engineering technology, and new greenhouse engineering technology courses, prepares students to manage modern greenhouses equipped with high technologies.This program is unique for its engineering approach to traditional horticulture technology education. This is the only two-year program in the United States for greenhouse engineering technology. Graduating student skills will go beyond growing plants. During their time in the program, students learn to use sensors, control strategies, and actuators to make possible the computerized control of the greenhouse environment. Students will learn about electro-mechanical equipment such as fans, pumps and motors. In addition, students will experience automated irrigation systems, pesticide application equipment, and material handling systems such as seeding and transplanting equipment.Growers who hire graduates of this specialization will be employing modern greenhouse technicians. Greenhouse mechanization and automation can enhance the profitability of a greenhouse operation. However, these new technologies can be underutilized and a maintenance problem for untrained individuals. Graduates of ATI’s Greenhouse Engineering Technology specialization will have the knowledge and skills needed to operate, maintain, and diagnose problems of electro-mechanical equipment to take full advantages of modern greenhouse technologies. Using modern horticultural technology to its full potential will help to solve a labor shortage and offer technically skilled individuals better opportunities in the greenhouse industry.This program earns an associate of applied science degree upon completion of 60 to 65 credit hours. Students earn up to 35 credit hours in horticulture technology courses including two newly designed classes focused specifically on engineering technologies. These courses offer hands-on identification, operation, maintenance, and trouble-shooting of greenhouse equipment. Coursework will be augmented with video learning modules and invited guest lectures from the industry, the result of a collaborative effort to bring together controlled environment plant production expertise and knowledge previously scattered across the United States. The modules were developed by The Ohio State University, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, and The University of Arizona with support from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture that is part of the United States Department of Agriculture.Students will have internship opportunities available to them through commercial production greenhouses, institution research/teaching greenhouses, and equipment supplier. After completing the program, students are expected to have higher than average earning in the greenhouse industry due to their specialization in horticultural engineering and technology.
Seeking large participation of people in the upcoming panchayat polls, Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) on Saturday said it would be followed by elections to the urban local bodies (ULB) to fully empower these basic democratic institutions.The State government has announced holding of the panchayat polls from mid-February. Panchayat elections were last held in the State in 2011, while polls to urban local bodies were held in 2005.“My government is committed to empowerment of grassroot level institutions and the proposed elections to the panchayats and ULBs is a major step in that direction,” Mufti said.Seeking large participation of people in the panchayat elections, she said it would be followed by elections to the urban local bodies.“Elections to panchayats and ULBs will empower these institutions to not only have the democratic powers but the financial resources as well to undertake developmental activities at the grass-root levels.‘Vital role’“These democratic institutions play a vital role in taking forward the all-round developmental agenda of the government for every section of the population,” the CM said, while addressing various delegations here.The Chief Minister said the State’s election authority would formally set the process for holding panchayat polls into motion after the Rural Development Department issues the requisite notification in accordance with the provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Panchayati Raj Act.She said her government had made a commitment on the floor of the House in June 2016 that the elections to the rural and urban local bodies would be held at the earliest to ensure full empowerment of these institutions.New district chiefsAhead of the polls, Ms. Mufti nominated Shafeeq ur Rehman as district president for Reasi, Faqir Chand Baghat for Jammu Rural, Harmesh Salatia for Samba, Surinder Singh for Kathua and Irshad Kar for Baramulla.
A tense moment during the India-Saudi Arabia match: Exposing weaknessesPre-Olympic soccer came back to India after nine years under the glare of the floodlights of the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi. But the encounter between Saudi Arabia and India never really sent the sparks flying.The Saudis who flew in,A tense moment during the India-Saudi Arabia match: Exposing weaknessesPre-Olympic soccer came back to India after nine years under the glare of the floodlights of the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in New Delhi. But the encounter between Saudi Arabia and India never really sent the sparks flying.The Saudis who flew in to India fresh from a bout of intensive coaching in Rio De Janeiro did, however, put up a display of fast and inventive football that had the huge crowd of around 50,000 applauding in appreciation.Barely three minutes after the kick-off India quite unexpectedly swung into the attack and scored through a fine opportunistic effort by striker Biswajit Bhattacharjee. Adopting the 4-3-3 system the home side managed to cling onto the lead till the equaliser came in the 26th minute.The Saudis who are trained by Brazilian World Cup player Mario Zagalo, soon switched on the Samba style. Time and again they cut through the relatively weak Indian defence which was without its experienced trio of Manoranjan, Sudip and Alok.With the Indians fast tiring and seemingly running out of steam the Saudis clinched the issue with a dream “banana” goal that had Brazil written all over it. In spectacular fashion, off a direct free-kick, Khaled Al-Majel sent a curling right footer, that deceived the ‘wall’ of Indian defenders and left goalkeeper Brahmanand stranded. After that blow India faded out almost completely and the Saudis were quite content to hold on to their slender lead and play out time.advertisementIt was a dismal performance by the Indian side which belied the high hopes and expectations that were kindled following months of intensive coaching. The raggedness of the attack and a weak inexperienced defence told on the medios who were unable to make any constructive moves and had to operate within the Indian half to bolster an inept defence.At the end of 90 minutes the Indians looked tired and were conspicuously short of stamina. In fact as they trudged into the dressing-room one was reminded of the stragglers of Asiad after a night out.For India there are seven more matches in the competition. “One defeat doesn’t mean we are out of the running, there are a lot of matches left and we can pull it through,” avers Ciric Milovan, the chief coach of the Indians. This optimism in the light of recent performances, however, seems totally unfounded and is not shared by many. Former national coach and Olympic captain P.K. Banerjee feels that a drastic change in approach is called for.In a postmortem discussion over Doordarshan Banerjee said: “We have concentrated more on preventing goals than on scoring them.” He also regretted that most of the players lacked the basic skill for international football, “elementary things like trapping, passing, stopping”.Banerjee’s anguish is echoed by Chuni Goswami captain of the gold medal winning Indian side at the Djakarta Asiad who says: “Our performance was drab and colourless. Let’s face it, quite a few of the players are just not up to international standards. It is our misfortune that we are passing through a phase of paucity of skilful and talented players. That touch of class, skill and artistry so vital for success at the international level is woefully missing. We must have a more methodical and professional approach to the game.”Immediate Needs: Both literally and metaphorically the All India Football Federation (AIFF) will have to opt for professionalism if they are to ameliorate these spasms of despair. The overriding trend all over the world is a steady drift away from amateurism.Of the world’s soccer playing nations, the number that can still be described as amateur or underdeveloped in the footballing sense, is diminishing fast. Japan had a professional association as early as 1921 and Iran in 1922. Today,teams from the Far East have already made their impact in the World Cup, which does not self-defeatingly exalt the no longer attainable amateur ethic.The diminutive North Koreans created soccer history in the 1966 World Cup when they defeated Italy’s star-studded team and, even more dramatically gave Portugal’s supporters cardiac tremors in the quarter-finals before being eliminated. Even smaller African countries like Egypt, Morocco and Zaire have blasted their way to the final stages of the World Cup.The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has tried to face up to the problem of interpreting amateurism for a long time. Avery Brundage the great apostle of amateurism who presided over the IOC for two decades, was very clear on the definition. “An amateur,” explained Brundage, “is just what the dictionary implies, a lover from the Latin word amaton. An amateur sportsman engages in sport for the love of the game and only love. It’s just as simple as that.”advertisementCynics point out that multimillionaires like Brundage or British noblemen like his successor Lord Killanin, can afford to indulge in Utopian dreams. Less fortunate individuals, like the players, can’t. It is obviously time to face facts and accept that professionalism is essential if Indian football is to get anywhere. For the Olympic ideal only encourages dishonest exploitation of loopholes. Too much international pride and prestige is involved in the winning or losing of a medal.Athletes cannot hope even to take part if their standards are not phenomenally high. They cannot attain those standards unless they devote the best period of their lives to their chosen sport. And they cannot do this unless they are paid well. It is a catch-22 situation and Indian football is caught in a classic impasse.